Inside the Muslim Brotherhood: Religion, Identity, and by Khalil al-Anani

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By Khalil al-Anani

Over the last 3 many years, via rises and falls in energy, regime repression and exclusion, the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood has persisted, proving extra resilient than the other Islamist circulation on the planet. during this booklet Khalil al-Anani explores the criteria that experience enabled the Brotherhood to outlive see you later inside of an ever-changing political panorama.

Inside the Muslim Brotherhood unpacks the significant elements that form the movement's id, association, and activism. Investigating the strategies of socialization, indoctrination, recruitment, identity, networking, and mobilization that represent the move, al-Anani argues that the Brotherhood isn't really simply a political actor looking strength yet an identity-maker that goals to alter societal values, norms, and morals to line up with its ideology and worldview. The Brotherhood is concerned about a thorough strategy of that means development and symbolic construction that shapes contributors' id and provides experience to their lives. the result's a particular code of identification that binds participants jointly, keeps their activism, and courses their habit in lifestyle. Al-Anani attributes the Brotherhood's sturdiness to its tight-knit constitution coupled with a posh club method that has helped them withstand regime penetration. The publication additionally explores the divisions and ameliorations in the circulate and the way those have an effect on its method and judgements.

The fruits of over a decade of analysis and interviews with leaders and participants of the stream, this e-book demanding situations the dominant narratives approximately Islamists and Islamism as a whole.

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This framework is called the “incubation model,” an intensive socialization process that transforms an individual’s perceptions and views to align with the movement’s ideology, norms, and objectives. The 13 Introduction 13 model incorporates two primary components: the Brotherhood’s unique socialization process, known as tarbiyya, and its multitiered system of membership. I show how the Brotherhood blends its socialization process with an organized membership structure to consolidate and reinforce its members’ identities.

74 Wickham concurs with Al-​Awadi and highlights the crackdown against the Brotherhood in the 1990s. ’ ”75 Clearly the popularity of the Brotherhood was a threat and source of discomfort to the Mubarak regime. How have scholars explained this popularity, especially when it manifests at the ballot box? Tarek Masoud provides a lucid and sophisticated analysis on this point. 76 Another explanation for the success of Islamists in electoral politics is their adaptive tactics. Nathan Brown argues that regimes create a “red line” that binds Islamists from seeking a majority in elections.

Repression impacts the movements and determines their ideological and political behavior. Mohammed Hafez finds the political process approach gives primacy to “process” over “structure” in creating collective action. 52 Despite its importance, this strand espouses a structural view that treats social movements as mechanical agents who react to the political environment without being able to change or alter it. Jeff Goodwin and James Jasper offer a lucid critique of the theory’s structural bias.

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