By Thomas Barfield
Afghanistan lines the historical struggles and the altering nature of political authority during this unstable zone of the realm, from the Mughal Empire within the 16th century to the Taliban resurgence at the present time. Thomas Barfield introduces readers to the bewildering range of tribal and ethnic teams in Afghanistan, explaining what unites them as Afghans regardless of the neighborhood, cultural, and political changes that divide them. He exhibits how governing those peoples used to be really effortless whilst energy was once focused in a small dynastic elite, yet how this tender political order broke down within the 19th and 20th centuries whilst Afghanistan's rulers mobilized rural militias to expel first the British and later the Soviets. Armed insurgency proved remarkably profitable opposed to the overseas occupiers, however it additionally undermined the Afghan government's authority and rendered the rustic ever tougher to manipulate as time handed. Barfield vividly describes how Afghanistan's armed factions plunged the rustic right into a civil warfare, giving upward push to clerical rule by way of the Taliban and Afghanistan's isolation from the realm. He examines why the yankee invasion within the wake of September eleven toppled the Taliban so speedy, and the way this simple victory lulled the U.S. into falsely believing plausible nation will be equipped simply as simply. Afghanistan is key analyzing for someone who desires to know how a land conquered and governed via overseas dynasties for greater than 1000 years turned the "graveyard of empires" for the British and Soviets, and what the U.S. needs to do to prevent an analogous destiny.
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Additional resources for Afghanistan: A Cultural and Political History (Princeton Studies in Muslim Politics)
K na Ta r PAKISTAN Spin Boldak . dR Quetta Bolan Pass Map 4. Afghanistan’s regions tained Afghanistan’s distinct regions: Herat in the west, Qandahar in the south, Mazar-i-sharif (Balkh) in the north, and the Kabul-Peshawar axis in the east. These regions (and Afghanistan itself ) are part of the larger cultural-historical unit of Turko-Persia that encompasses the entire Iranian plateau. Mountains and Rivers When the Indian tectonic plate slammed into Asia millions of years ago, it raised up an arc of mountain ranges that are among the highest in the world.
In the people and places 45 summer as the snow melts, they move to a high-altitude village or camp with huts on the mountain slopes that tower above them to graze their cows and goats. Similarly, migrating pastoral nomads use the same principle over much longer distances. They pack their tents on camels, and migrate with their sheep and goats to mountain pastures that lie between three and four thousand meters in elevation in order to escape the summer heat and burned pastures of the plains. They return during August to avoid the onset of snows, which fall early in the highlands, and seek shelter in the warmer lowlands for the winter.
Speciﬁc river systems and their watersheds have also sus- people and places TAJIKISTAN UZBEKISTAN 43 CHINA Darwaz Aqcha Tashkurghan Kunduz Taloqan Mazar-i-sharif ng B al k d Panjab H a ri ru CENTRAL AFGHANISTAN ud ahr Far R. SOUTH AFGHANISTAN H el ma n bR an Kabul Gardez Ghazni EAST AFGHANISTAN NUR ISTA N Jalalabad Khyber Pass Peshawar us R gh H Dilaram Girishk Lashkar Gah da d an elm Farah Zaranj Maidan . WEST AFGHANISTAN Charikar Qalat Ind Shindand Baghlan Pul-i-khumri Doshi a Bamiyan Qala-i-nao Herat IRAN Sa m Ar Islam Qala M ur gha NORTHWEST AFGHANISTAN b R.