A Practical Grammar Introduction to Dutch by William Z. Shetter

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By William Z. Shetter

First variation This grammar arose from the necessity for a concise presentation of the necessities of the Dutch language which may be used either for self reliant domestic examine and in teams or periods below formal guide. With the previous target in brain, the reasons were made as self-explanatory as attainable, and an entire key to the routines has been supplied in an appendix. within the curiosity of simplicity and straightforwardness of reference and assessment, every one grammatical subject is mentioned as absolutely as manageable in a single position, and an attempt has been made to incorporate just one significant grammatical function in anyone bankruptcy. yet due to the fact that an excellent starting place can extra successfully be completed via research below knowledgeable supervision or with a local speaker of the language, the presentation has additionally been made adapt­ in a position to this sort of examine. The short fill-in workouts in every one lesson supply a version for any volume of drill, and the dialogues and readings incorporated at abnormal durations in addition to the assessment selec­ tions positioned after each few chapters gives you the mandatory extra perform in supervised guide. support should still as a minimum be sought with the pronunciation, the primary stumbling-block within the approach of both self sustaining or supervised research.

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Extra info for A Practical Grammar Introduction to Dutch

Example text

Dit huis is groot, maar de kamers ziin klein. N. '-t. \\\I'i. : 'mass' nouns 'count' nouns: tuin-tuinen, huis-huizen , dag-dagen, reis-reizen ... 'mass' nouns: water, melk, bier, zand. verkeer, schoonheid ... Translation practice The bird and the cat are on the roof! Animals on the roof? Are the dogs on the roof? No, no. That animal under the windows is the dog And one dog is in the kitchen. In the kitchen? Under the table? Yes, under the table. And on the table is the milk. Is this milk here for the dog or the cat?

Wij wachten hier op de tram. Ik zie de tram al. Hij is vandaag op tijd. Op de hoek is de winkel, achter de kerk. Het gebouw naast de kerk is de bibliotheek. Kijk daar in die etalage! Die jas is mooi, en niet duur. Wij kijken naar allerlei jassen, maar zij zijn allemaal te duur. Heb je zin in een kopje thee? Ja, ik heb dorst. Hij eet geen appels. Hij eet nooit appels. Die fiets daar in de etalage is niet goedkoop, hij is duur. De kast staat achter die tafel daar. Hij praat veel. Hij praat te veal.

Yes, the mother has water and a box of soap ... ) Most of the pronouns have two forms. The first is the emphatic or stressed form, used regularly in writing, but used in speaking only for particular emphasis on the person. The second is the non-emphatic or unstressed form, the one used in speaking where the emphasis is usually not on the pronoun but on the accompanying verb. The non-emphatic forms are often used in less formal writing. The pronoun forms 'k, 't, je, ze, we are pronounced with the very short e-sound heard in unstressed syllables; the first two usually merge almost completely with the following word, as in English 'twas.

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